Nanotechnology and Biotechnology should have been NC A&T Signature programs

 
HBCU  institution North Carolina A&T, one of the state's two land grant institutions, has programs through the doctoral level. Its programs include engineering, arts and sciences, agricultural and environmental sciences, business and economics, education, nursing, technology, and graduates studies.  “ The expected roles of a land-grant institution, is teaching agriculture and engineering, and providing cooperative extension services”.  NC A&T's 2001 amend University Master Plan called for developing 75 acres  of land along East Lee Street targeted to develop new opportunities for both research and education in both the private and academic arenas between the University's technology and agricultural research and its students, which didn't include across-town historical white UNC Greensboro and its members of the Greensboro business community.
 
NCGS § 116-198.34. (8b) says in part “The designation should be based on the express finding that the institution has the administrative and fiscal capacity to create and maintain such a campus, and provided further, that the Board of Governors has found that the creation of the constituent institution's "Millennial Campus" will enhance the institution's research, teaching, and service missions as well as enhance the economic development of the region.” A&T is known for its engineering and agricultural programs and UNCG’s background is nursing and the humanities “.[Its [UNCG] historically strong programs in music, education and nursing are not the kinds of programs that spin off research and development or software companies to fuel high tech economies [Ken Mayer, Editorial, UNCG, A&T University will need to be leaders in the charge for high-tech industry in the Triad, Triad Business Journal Nov 9, 1998] ( Ken Mayer is former Chairman UNCG BOT 2003-2004 & 2004-2005.]  NCA&T and cross-town UNC- G have different research, teaching, and service missions.
 
Negotiation began in 2002 and September 2004 NC A&T State University celebrated the sighing of Memorandum of Understanding  with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) with the opening of the National Resources Conservation Services Eastern Regional Technology Center whose service area consisted of 24 states and the Caribbean area. The Greensboro Center was also home to the remote sensing lab.  The Memorandum of Understanding says A&T has a working farm with modern facilities and farm equipment. NRCS will benefit from the use of this farm by  being able to provide hands-on training to NRCS employees. NRCS can sponsor field studies that can serve as demonstrations to both NRCS trainees and also local and regional farmers. A&T constituents will also benefit from this type of applied investigation. Finally, A&T faculty and students can also benefit academically by conducting scholarly research and publishing this information.
 
 
In 2003-04, with the backbone of North Carolina's industrial economy Tobacco, Textiles, and Furniture outsourced, in decline/recession or outsourced with appropriations for UNC-System taking an ever increasing multi-billion dollar bite out of state's coffers, North Carolina's Legislature thru House Bill 1264 (HB 1264) direct UNC-BOG and COMMUNITY COLLEGE SYSTEM  to contract a private consulting firm that had experience in  higher education to conduct a comprehensive study (Staying a step  ahead) of the mission and educational program needs to ensure that the State's citizens are academically prepared and equipped for current job opportunities and jobs of the future in North Carolina's growing knowledge economy.
 


Emerging from a legislative mandated study HB 1264
,Staying a Step Ahead,  to ensure  the State's citizens are academically prepared and equipped for current job opportunities and jobs of the future in North Carolina's  growing knowledge economy, explicitly referred to research clusters created by HBCU NCA&T
 
HB 1264 (6),  says with regard to the University System, there shall be special emphasis on the development of signature programs for Historically Black Colleges and Universities and the University of North Carolina at Pembroke
 
Nanotechnology, Nanoscience and Nanoengineering, should have been HBCU NCA&T Signature Programs
 
“Signature programs” have been defined as those that are distinctive, that build on existing strengths, that advance the institution’s profile, and that serve regional and/or state economic transformation needs."
 
  • "NCA&T has 12-years of experience in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology”

  • “Expertise in nanotechnology may become a prerequisite for many scientists and engineers that support a wide variety of industries, nano expertise among the North Carolina science and engineering workforce may soon become a competitive advantage issue for the state.

  • The global market for nanotechnology products and services is predicted to increase by 18-28 percent annually for the next several years (BCC Research, Inc.) and is expected to reach $2.6 trillion by 2014 (Lux Research), showing the potential for strong growth in this sector of the economy

 
Historical Black Land Grant NCA&T was listed as University focus on Nanotechnology in 2005.
Cross town Historical White UNC Greensboro was not listed as a University focused on Nanotechnology.
 

"We're Not Following Any Path, We're Blazing A Trail"

 
NC A&T is "well known in areas such as advanced materials, nanotechnology,, computational science, and says N. Radhakrishnan, former VP for research and economic development at N.C. A&T. The school also has significant strengths in other areas, including biotechnology, energy and the environment, information sciences and technology, logistics and transportation development. 
All these endeavors are aligned in eight research  clusters that bring faculty together across disciplines to develop large research projects. These research clusters run in parallel with a number of multidisciplinary centers and institutes at N.C. A&T,  which develop partnerships with private and corporate sponsors, educational institutions, and government agencies.
 
Nanotechnology is Experimental
NCA&T State University has been funded at an average rate of $3-5 million per year in the area of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Most of the research in nanoengineering is done in the Center for Advanced Materials and Smart Structures (CAMSS). Several Centers and projects are under CAMSS, including the NSF Center for Research Excellence in Science and Technology (CREST), the DoD Center for Nanoscience, Nanomaterials and Multifunctional Materials (CNN) for Homeland Security, the NSF Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center (NSEC), the NSF project on US/Europe Materials Collaboration: Self-Organized Nanostructured Thin Films for Catalysis, the NSF project on Nanoscale Interdisciplinary Research Teams (NIRT), the NSF Major Research Instrumentation for Nanoengineering Research, and the NSF Nanotechnology Undergraduate Education (NUE) program. CAMSS also facilitates many of the materials research activities of the NASA-National Institute for Aerospace (NIA). In addition, the Center for Composite Materials Research (CCMR) does research in nano-enhanced composite materials and the Army Center of Excellence for Battlefield Capability Enhancements (Flexible Displays) does research in material characterization and development of novel displays.
 

NCA&T was 4th in Nanotechnology Research at North Carolina Universities with $11 Million Dollars between 2000-2005. UNC at Greensboro 10th among the 11 institutions conducted $45,000 dollars of Nanotechnology research between 2000 thru 2005. In 2003 A&T, NATO Sponsor Material Symposium in Ukraine.

 
 
 
In 2008 NC A&T received an 18 Million dollar grant for an Engineering Research Center (ECR) from the National Science foundation. The award to A&T marked the first time that an HBCU has been the lead institution of an ERC.  The ERC has partnerships with pre-college institutions in North Carolina to involve teachers and students in engineering; it has partnerships with a broad range of North Carolina organizations devoted to entrepreneurship and small business development.
 
N.C. A&T Awarded NSF Engineering Research Center
Shena Crittendon,
Greensboro – North Carolina A&T State University has been awarded a grant for an Engineering Research Center (ERC) from the National Science Foundation (NSF).  Engineering Research Center grants represent major investments by NSF in partnership with industry to transform engineering research and education.  The centers aim to produce innovative technologies and engineering graduates to significantly enhance the competitiveness of the U.S. economy.  Award funding has been approved at $18 million for the initial five years, with a potential duration of 10 years.

The NSF ERC for Revolutionizing Metallic Biomaterials at A&T will conduct research in the areas of biomedical engineering and nano-bio applications and is in partnership with the Universities of Cincinnati and Pittsburgh. It also has a global technical partner in Germany’s Hannover School of Medicine and a global cultural and outreach partner in the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India. California State University at Los Angeles will serve as an outreach partner in the USA. The ERC has partnerships with pre-college institutions in North Carolina to involve teachers and students in engineering; it has partnerships with a broad range of North Carolina organizations devoted to entrepreneurship and small business development.
 

"With the millions of federal dollars flowing to this center (NSF ERC), what [ we] can do to increase the economic opportunities in Guilford County, the Triad and in the state of  North Carolina is truly phenomenal," said Erskine Bowles , president of the UNC system. [A&T lands prized NSF center][31].

A&T’s ERC will be led by Dr. Jagannathan Sankar, professor of engineering. Dr. William Wagner from the University of Pittsburgh and Dr. Mark Schulz from the University of Cincinnati will serve as co-directors. Dr. Devdas Pai, professor of engineering at A&T, will lead educational aspects of the ERC. The ERC research will focus on three engineered systems: Craniofacial and Orthopedic Applications; Cardiovascular Devices; and Responsive Biosensors for Implants. The ERC will introduce new metallic materials, devices, and systems that have the potential to exhibit all the

necessary attributes of an ideal foundation or “scaffold” and that promise to completely transform the field of regenerative medicine. Similarly, innovative metallic materials will be introduced as stents in the treatment of cardiovascular problems. Nano sensors will be developed to study the efficacy of these devices as part of this research. More than eight companies will be associated with the ERC to provide input for the direction of research as well as a conduit to transfer the technology to the real world.   NC A&T will also start a new department of bioengineering in conjunction with this ERC. The department will offer BS, Masters and PhD degrees
 
 
 
 
The National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES) responsible for collecting and presenting statistical data and information for the nation; classifies Nanoscience and Nanoengineering as Nanotechnology CIP 15.1601: Engineering technologies and Engineering related fields.
 
Nanotechnology.  Definition: A program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical, scientific, and engineering principles and technical skills to manipulate matter at the atomic and molecular level (in the range of 1-100 nanometers) and to design, fabricate, and integrate nanoscale structures, devices, and systems. Includes instruction in materials science, thermodynamics, nanomaterials, Nano electronics, and nano/micro device fabrication and testing. [https://nces.ed.gov/search/?q=nano+science]:
 

PCG/UNC-NCCCS/UNC Interim report 3.doc/RB.SP.PC.CR.ATPCC.1/CC.14/10May05

 

NC A&T Academic Profile

 

The UNC Policy Manual 400.1.1.1[G]


A degree program is a program of study in a discipline specialty that leads to a degree in that distinct specialty area at a particular level of instruction.   As a general rule, in order to be considered for degree program status, a course of study should require at least 27 semester hours in the proposed program area at the undergraduate level; at least half the number of hours required for the degree at the master’s level; and at least 21 hours in the proposed program area at the doctoral level. [Adopted 05/06/09]
 

 UNC Board of Governors January 2007 authorized UNC Charlotte, which has an Engineering School, to offer a Ph.D. in Nanoscale Science.  Offering Nanoscale Science was not a Substantial Change as defined by the SACS for UNC Charlotte.  Nov. 2012 UNC Board of Governors authorized a Master’s in Nanoengineering to Land Grant Institution NC State, which has an Engineering
 

School.  Offering a MS in Nanoengineering was not a Substantial Change as defined by the SACS for NC State. 
 
 Historical black North Carolina A&T, as one of the state's two land grant institutions, has programs through the doctoral level. Its programs include engineering, arts and sciences, agricultural and environmental sciences, business and economics, education, nursing, technology, and graduates studies. “The expected roles of a land-grant institution, is teaching agriculture and engineering, and providing cooperative extension services” .  Consistent with other engineering schools in the UNC System offering Nanoscience and Nanoengineering programs  are not  Substantial Changes as defined by the SACS and  consistent with the education, curricular, mission and goals of NC A&T State University.

 
[ former UNC] President Molly Broad, .... shared that by 2020, 70 percent of the World's Scientist will live and work in Asia, unless the country does some different kinds of things. She said that North Carolina A&T is in a position to educated and graduate world-class educated and graduate world-class scientists because of initiatives scientists because of initiatives underway within our science and technology areas, and now is the time for the university to step up to the plate to meet the challenges ahead", alleged  Dr. Speight-Buford, NC A&T Fourth Regular Board of Trustees meeting April 20, 2005
 



 
Staying a Step Ahead (HB 1264(7)(2003-04)) the Legislature mandated the Board of Governors emphasized existing and new programs at Liberal Arts  Universities specifically aimed at meeting business, industry, workforce, and career needs of North Carolina in the State's changing and growing knowledge-based economy, taking into account, as appropriate, State and regional economic strategies.
 
Its [UNCG] historically strong programs in music, education and nursing are not the kinds of programs that spin off research and development or software companies to fuel high tech economies [Ken Mayer, Editorial, UNCG, A&T University will need to be leaders in the charge for high-tech industry in the Triad, Triad Business Journal Nov 9, 1998] ( Ken Mayer is former Chairman UNCG BOT 2003-2004 & 2004-2005.
 

The University of North Carolina at Greensboro 2003-2004 Profile

 
It  is predicted that nano scale science will change the nature of almost every human-made product this century. This field has great potential applications in materials, medicine, electronics, optics, data storage, advanced manufacturing, environment, energy, and national security. Some specific applications include: lightweight new materials with greatly improved strength and wear characteristics; ultra dense computer memory; better drug design and better drug and gene delivery; sensing applications for agricultural, biological, chemical and homeland security applications; improved catalysts for the chemical and automotive industries; new materials to improve fuel economy and carbon dioxide emissions; and improved batteries and energy efficient processes for energy technologies. Nanoscale materials already find use in numerous pharmaceutical, catalytic, electronic, magnetic, optoelectronic, biomedical, cosmetic and energy applications.
 
With the source of enrollment growth being minorities as white enrollment leveled off across  the  University of North Carolina, Guilford Technical Community College experiencing record enrollment, ECPI University and ITT Tech offering addition technology based education in the Triad education market place.   What’s left on the plate for Majority serving Liberal Arts UNCG with a potential national and regional prominent HBCU NCA&T across town? Would political astute business organization affiliated UNC-G use political connections to reposition Majority serving  UNC-G in and Minority serving NCA&T out?  UNC-G 2003-08 formulated a 2003-08 academic plan to establish a joint Millennial campus with NC A&T.
 

Priority Year for  each Goal Cluster Strategic Direction #4, indicate the intent  to Establish with N.C. A&T State University, The Joint Millennial Campus 2004-05.
 



 
“The Joint School for Nanoscience and Nanoengineering….. built on the major nano-technology research activity that had been established at nearby Wake Forest and at NCA&T”
 
" I am so energized by the potential of this research park, in particular the joint schools of nano technology and nano science. The world is seeing explosive growth today in the commercialization of nanotechnology. We will have all of the assets right here in Guilford County that we need to participate in that explosion, and they will be right here at the Gateway University Research Park." said Erskine  president of the University of North Carolina system .
 
Request for Proposals by Gateway University Research Park for Construction The Joint School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering- dated Sept. 1, 2004

Project Overview:
The JSNN will support established research programs with faculty from the two universities and will have its own faculty lines as well. The primary goal of the school is to be a world leader in research, nano-related education, and outreach. The JSNN will promote Research goals, Education goals, and Outreach goals. To meet these goals, the JSNN will require specialized, state-of-the-art industrial quality research space. These will include laboratories for life sciences, engineering, materials science and other spaces requiring tightly controlled environments
 
Historical Black Land Grant NCA&T was listed as University focus on Nanotechnology in 2005.
Cross-town Historical White UNC Greensboro was not listed as a University focused on Nanotechnology.
 
Subject of a policy discussion Nov. 2006, UNC Board of Governors 2007-2009 Budget Priorities November 10, 2006 called for Pending Board of Governors approval, funding for the creation of a joint Graduate School of Nanoscience  and Nanoengineering at NCA&T  and UNC-G's Millennium Campus. 

 

UNC BOG Committee on Budget and Finance, April 2006, approved recommending 1.3 million dollars for planning a Biotechnology Building at NCA&T to full BOG.  Proposed facility would enable NCA&T to support ongoing and expanding research activities in bioengineering, biotechnology, and biomedicine.  NC A&T' biotechnology program is interdisciplinary and will incorporate research activities currently housed in the College of Engineering, College of Arts and Sciences, and School of Agriculture and Environment Sciences The Total cost of this project is $25 Million dollars.
UNC Board of Governors 2007-09 budget Priorities bogus claim the Greensboro Center for Innovative Development- renamed  Gateway University Research Park- as NCAT/UNC-G Joint Millennial Campus relocated NCA&T College of Engineering, School of Technology, Physical Sciences and Applied Sciences programs and research, off –campus to the bogus Joint Millennial (with UNCG) doubling the cost $25 million vs. $50 million.
 
Notwithstanding the Millennial Campus Statue does not provide for the General Administration to create an NC G. S.: 116-198.34. (8b) Joint Millennial Campus and UNC Policy Manual 600.1.3 limits the President to acquisition of Real Property to $25,000 or  less without Board of Governors approval and any proposal involving the acquisition or disposition by the institution of any interest in real property shall be recommended by the Board of Trustees.
 


Erskine Bowles General Administration PO-1 for the purpose of Establishing a NCA&T/UNC Joint Millennial Campus. unequivocal extinguished UNC Board of Governor false claim alleged Oct. 2003 designated l
 the CentralSchool of the Deaf reallocated to the Board of Governors and 75-acre at North Carolina  A&T as a Joint Millennial Campus.


 
Erskine Bowles General Administration Acquisition of Real Property by lease PO-1  dated March 13, 2006 for the purpose of Establishing a NCA&T/UNC Joint Millennial Campus for former school of the Deaf Property and 75-acres of land unequivocal extinguished UNC Board of Governor false claim alleged Oct. 10, 2003 designation the Central School of the Deaf reallocated to the Board of Governors and 75-acre at North Carolina  A&T as a Joint Millennial Campus.



 
Erskine Bowles General Administration Acquisition of Real Property by lease PO-1  dated March 13, 2006 for the purpose of Establishing a NCA&T/UNC Joint Millennial Campus for former school of the Deaf Property and 75-acres of land unequivocal extinguished UNC Board of Governor false claim alleged Oct. 10, 2003 designation the Central School of the Deaf reallocated to the Board of Governors and 75-acre at North Carolina  A&T as a Joint Millennial Campus.